Produce a series of approximately 12 photographs that are made on, or explore the idea of, a journey.
The journey that you document may be as long or as short as you like. You may choose to re- examine a familiar route, such as a commute to work or another routine activity, or it may be a journey into unfamiliar territory. You may travel by any means available.
Introduce your work with a supporting text (around 500 words) that:
- Describes how you interpreted this brief.
- Describes how your work relates to aspects of photography and visual culture addressed in Part Two.
- Evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of your work, describing what you would have done differently or how you might develop this work further.
- Identifies what technical choices you made to help communicate your ideas, and also references relevant artists and photographers who have influenced the creative direction of your project.
- Explains your reasons for selecting particular views, and arriving at certain visual outcomes.
PREPARATION:The Advance of the Plague from Marseille northwards through Provence
Whether or not you feel appropriation is something you might work with at some point, the mapping resources available for free on the internet are an invaluable practical tool for planning landscape shoots of any kind.
If you haven’t yet done so, read ahead to the brief for Assignment Two. Write down your preliminary thoughts and ideas for how you might approach this assignment. Use Google Maps and/or any other mapping system and print off, photocopy or save some maps of the journey you’re thinking about documenting for this assignment. Use the map(s) to help identify any details or aspects of the place or route that might (or might not) be of interest.
For this project I want to trace the advance of the plague, in 1721, northwards into Provence. I will walk that part of the Wall of the Pest which was reconstructed in 120 days between (1986-1992) by local volunteers. This is a small part of the ‘original’ wall which was built in 1271. I have walked this wall before but only as a walk and not as part of a ‘topographical’ exercise. There is no actual trace of the wall on Google maps but it is mentioned. I put the ‘man’ on the map in the place indicated below and the image is of a small section of the wall. Because this wall has not been traced by Google I was unable to make the man move along the wall.
I also found this trace on another site (1)
I will construct a timeline for the advance of the plague and the building of the original barriers to keep it at bay. In order to get information on this I will visit the History Museum in Marseille and any relevantt sites I can locate.
The Timeline for the advance of the Plague from Marseille northwards, in 1721 1723
A large part of Provence was owned by the Popes in the 12the century. The area was know as the Comtat Venaissin. (2)
In 1720 a ship, the dutch built Grand Saint Antoine, returned to Marseille port from Syria, which is due south of this region. On board there was several sailors who were suffering from the plague. Seven of the sailors died on board. Despite this the Italians allowed the ship to proceed to Marseille. On board was a long anticipated cargo of expensive textiles. Normally cargo on a boat infected with the plague had to await a quarantine period of 50 days. But the locals were impatient for the cargo and for the work involved in unloading it. The quarantine period was reduced to 29 days and some of it was released immediately. The material was quarantined on the island of Jarre.
Within seven days of landing the cargo the first case of plague was reported in Marseille. Within three months it had advanced north through Aix en Provence as well as to the north west. The ‘vice-legit’ of the pope, who was established in Avignon, forbade all trade with Marseille and established a barrier on the right bank ot the Durance river. This was guarded by soldiers. But contraband continued to flow until the pope’s representatives surrounded the entire papal states and guarded the area with 800 soldiers. The locals paid to construct a wall and they paid the salaries of the guards.
The plague continued to advance so a more an extension to the wall was built and the papal troops were replaced by the regular French army. The wall was constructed by local people with look out posts, areas for food storage sleeping accomodation for the soldiers. The plague finally died out in 1723 having killed 25% of the population.
The architect of this wall, Antoine d’Allemand, said of it in his book (3)
« En 1720 je traçois depuis Saint-Hubert jusques à Saint-Ferreol les limites entre le Comtat Venaissin et la Provence, une ligne de 18 000 toises dont 6 000 toises faites avec un parapet de terre et un fossé au devant, et 2 000 toises avec des murs faits en pierre sèche.
En 1720 (j’ai fait) le plan de cette ligne depuis Saint-Hubert jusques à Saint-Ferréol et de là en suivant la Durance jusques à son embouchure dans le Rhône et en remontant le Rhône jusques à Avignon dont la longueur est de 14 lieues. »
Interesting information in this paper (https://www.plus.randomania.fr/le-mur-de-la-peste-barriere-sanitaire/)
Research to establish the trace of the original wall:
After much map matching I have drawn up, with the benefit of the research I made, the best estimate for the original barrier that was put in place in 1271 around the Papal territory Le Comtat Venaissin. Where there were rivers or natural pits these were used as barriers.
First Sanitary Barrier Crossing the Durance at Point de Montelimar (west of Mallory):
The crossing was probably in small wooden boats.
Second Barrier in the East from the Durance as far as Mont Ventoux
The Combe de Lourmarin is part of this second Barrier. I walked part of this yesterday (7 Mar 2018) with my walking group.
From Le Crest we could see across to Mont Ventoux which formed the end of this second barrier.
The dry stone wall section:
The wall was constructed from stones found on site. These were huge and very irregular. This fact together with the poor level of expertise of the men construction the wall, meant that very few traces of the original wall survived and no where did it survive at it’s original height of 1.9m (5)
- eskapad. 2018. Le mur de la Peste – Topo et fiche en randonnee à pied dans le Vaucluse. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.eskapad.info/rando84_040.html. [Accessed 25 February 2018].
- Mur de la peste — Wikipédia. 2018. Mur de la peste — Wikipédia. [ONLINE] Available at: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mur_de_la_peste. [Accessed 25 February 2018].
- Mémoire des ouvrages que j’ai faits et ordonnés depuis 1700
- Accueil | Revue Provence historique | Revue Provence historique . 2018. Accueil | Revue Provence historique | Revue Provence historique . [ONLINE] Available at: http://provence-historique.mmsh.univ-aix.fr/Pages/default.aspx. [Accessed 08 March 2018].
- RECENSION 4 : Danièle Larcena, LA MURAILLE DE LA PESTE – Christian Lassure. 2018. RECENSION 4 : Danièle Larcena, LA MURAILLE DE LA PESTE – Christian Lassure. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.pierreseche.com/recension_4.html. [Accessed 08 March 2018].